This service is no longer live but has been archived for information purposes only. Click here for more info.
 
Issue

Animal rights

Should animals have rights just like humans?

Submitted 5/5/2008 By ritamu Views 46186 Comments 6 Updated 9/2/2008


Photographer : peta2slickr @ flickr

What are animal rights?

Animal rights are based on the idea that animals share similar emotional and physical feelings to humans, and therefore should have similar rights to health and wellbeing. They address the interests, welfare and ethical treatment of animals, including animal cruelty.

Why do we need animal rights?

Many people argue that it is inhumane to torture and kill animals unnecessarily just as it is morally wrong to exploit and cause another human to suffer or murder another human being. However, some people claim that it is natural for humans to hunt and kill animals for survival. They assert that animals are less superior intellectually, do not suffer to the same degree as humans, and therefore do not need rights. Where to draw the line on animal rights is under much debate.

Where are animal rights violated?

Just like humans, an animal can be mistreated, even in their own homes. Some of the main situations where animal rights are of concern include:

  • Factory farming—farm animals bred in large quantities are sometimes kept in inadequate environments, for example too many chickens being cramped in one cage
  • Animals in sport—particularly in horse racing, and duck and quail shooting
  • Animal shelters—where overcrowding and a lack of food supplies can cause health problems
  • Animal testing—tests can result in pain and sometimes death of the animal
  • When owners abuse or abandon their pets

What happens when animal rights are violated?

When animal rights are violated such as in the cases listed above, the animal endures physical suffering. However in cases such as abandonment, animals may be left with no place to live and raise their young. The killing of animals for sport or commercial use can also increase the chance of certain species becoming endangered.

Who enforces animal rights?

  • Animal rights/welfare organisations such as the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) and the World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA).
  • Veterinary and community groups
  • Individual animal owners and handlers
  • Federal, state and territory governments

Each state and territory in Australia has a Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, which aims to enforce animal rights and prosecute those who disrespect the rights. This Act, except in NSW, controls the treatment of animals and the use of animals for research and experimentation. In NSW, animal experimentation is controlled by the Animal Research Act.

All states and territories, excluding Queensland and Victoria, provide protection for all non-human animals except fish. Under Queensland and Victorian legislation, fish and crustaceans are also protected.

Under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, prohibited offences include:

  • Abandoning animals
  • Giving poisons to animals
  • Using certain electrical devices on animals
  • Animal baiting and fighting
  • Bull-fighting
  • Trap-shooting
  • The keeping of game parks
  • Tail nicking/docking (the removal of the tail of an animal)
  • The sale of severely injured animals

Those caught in unlawful acts are prosecuted by officers of the RSPCA. Animal rights involving animal trade are dealt with by the Australian federal government.

The Model Australian Codes of Practice for the Welfare of Animals is a guide which outlines national standards for animal welfare. The codes are prepared by the Animal Welfare Working Group which includes scientific specialists from organisations such as the Commonwealth Scientific and Research Organisation (CSIRO) and RSPCA. Animal welfare organisations are invited to contribute to the continuing development of the codes.

What else is being done?

In Australia…

Animal welfare organisations  such as the RSPCA, PETA and WSPA Australia & new Zeland aim to create awareness and develop campaigns to fight for animal rights. Curent cmapaigns include the RSPCAx camapign for wider pet desexing; the WSPA's fight against bear farming, and PETA's camp[aign against a

Taking a political stance…

The Rudd government has plans to stop the slaughtering of whales by enforcing laws banning whaling in the Australian Whale Sanctuary (a dedicated marine area to protect whales). This will be achieved by monitoring and preventing whaling vessels operating in Australian waters and by establishing a national network of whale and dolphin sanctuaries. There are also plans by the Rudd government to end whaling in Japan by taking Japan to international courts.

The animal welfare of poilcies of the Australian Greens include banning the use of animals in cosmetic, industrial and military experiments; and ending the export of live animals for consumption. The Australian Democrats are advocating for the removal of non-domesticated and exotic animals from circuses and the banning of rodeos.

Around the rest of the world…

A Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare had been proposed by the WSPA as part of their Animals Matter to Me campaign and is currently supported by 80 animal welfare groups around the world and the governments of Kenya, India, Philippines, Costa Rica and the Czech Republic.

The aim of the declaration is to:
  • Improve animal health and wellbeing by creating better relationships between people and animals, particularly with companion animals and farm animals
  • Improve practices for sustainable agriculture
  • Reduce the risk of the development of diseases such as bird flu and rabies
  • Provide for countries which do not already have legislation on animal welfare.

The WSPA has launched a petition on their website where the general public can sign to show their support.

The UK and Australia have expressed their support for improving animal welfare worldwide, however have not committed to an international agreement.

How do I know this?

Animal Rights Advocates Inc., Animal rights philosophy
http://www.ara.org.au/philosophyintroduction.htm  

Australian Democrats, 2007, Animal welfare
http://www.democrats.org.au/docs/ActionPlans/
Environment_AnimalWelfare_2007.pdf
  

The Australian Greens, 2007, Animals, http://greens.org.au/about/policy/policy.php?policy_id=18

Australian Labor Party, 2007, Federal Labor’s plan to counter international whaling
http://www.alp.org.au/media/0507/msenhloo190.php  

Cowles-Hamar, D., Food from animals
http://www.flashback.se/archive/ar_man.html

Government Department of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry, 2008, Animal welfare
http://www.daff.gov.au/animal-plant-health/welfare

Government of South Australia, 2006, Codes of Practice
http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/animalwelfare/codes.html

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
http://www.peta.org/

Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Animal welfare
http://www.rspca.org.au/resource/article_animal.asp  

Taking It Global, 2007, Animal rights environment and urbanization
http://issues.takingitglobal.org/animal?gclid=CL7_39GhhpECFRUmawod2mwKGQ

World Society for the Protection of Animals, 2008, Animals matter to me http://www.advocacyonline.net/eactivist/user/userC.jsp?13373&EXAMIN=1

World Society for the Protection of Animals, 2006, Universal declaration on animal welfare
http://www.wspa.org.uk/animalsmatter/UDAWText2005.pdf

Discuss Now

Post Comment 1 | 2 |

RSS Comments
image

stu 15-Nov-2011

I learnt very recently that if everyone in the world consumed meat and dairy like we do here in victoria we would need 4 planet earth's to feed everyone!!!!!

The worst thing about that fact is that no one know's about it and a lot of the people who do no turn a blind eye and deaf ear to this.

Aniaml rights is a huge problem in australia and I would really love to open everyones eyes up to this.

-----

image

Eliseo Jr 25-Nov-2009

I belive that animal cruelty is wrong, when we here about these cruel things that are happening around the world it makes us wanna take action. I believe that if everyone cared for animals those ones that were treated badly would find a better future for tommorow.

-----

image

court 02-Feb-2009

I find it hard to comprehend how a person would knowingly eat animal products from a factory farm. I'm a vegetarian, but my sister eats only free range animal products and I respect this. She finds it so hard explaining to people this to people when they offer her non-free range meat or eggs.
How can so much cruelty be worth a taste?

-----

image

lovearth 19-Aug-2008

I am a proud vegetarian of 4 years and find that the issue of animal cruelty is being pushed further back because of other economy & environmental issues are constantly being brought forward. Doesn't anyone understand that the way we treat other creatures reflects on how we treat other human beings?
Animal cruelty is on the rise, in many different forms. So why don't many people care?

-----

image

ney77 31-Jul-2008

I agree Andrea!!!!
I see a stray dog on the road and just want to pick it up....I couldnt imagine how someone could even try to abuse an animal. For some, animals are all they have, their best friend, someone that will love them no matter what. Then there are people out there that simply dont care what happens. It is wrong.

It is unfortunate that services like my local RSPCA are so full and are extremely limited in resources and space.

-----